Fundamental Research Division
The DRF at the CEA assemble approximately 6,000 scientists since January 2016.
Following the accident at the Fukushima nuclear power plant, in 2011, the Japanese authorities decided to carry out major decontamination works in the affected area. The EGU is publishing a synthesis of approximately sixty scientific publications that together provide an overview of the decontamination strategies used and their effectiveness.
Teams from CHU Dijon-Bourgogne, Inserm and the CEA have just produced genome analysis results for very sick newborn babies in neonatal intensive care, shortening the analysis time to 38 days compared to an average of 18 months at present.
A Franco-Indian collaboration has identified an important mechanism involved in the transmission of antibiotic resistance, which is the principal cause of the failure of therapies aiming to eradicate Helicobacter pylori, a bacterium that infects half the world’s population.
New results from the Tara Oceans expedition, led by a collaboration between the Tara Ocean Foundation and teams from the CNRS, EMBL, CEA, Sorbonne Université and Université Paris Science Lettres between 2009 and 2013 show that the diversity and functions of planktonic species in the global ocean change dramatically according to latitude.
‘First light’ for the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI): as the installation phase nears completion, this new instrument is due to undergo final tests before starting to create a giant map of the sky in early 2020.
A CEA-Jacob team has just published a paper in which it demonstrates the central role of the transcription factor KLF4 in regulating the proliferation of epidermal stem cells and their ability to regenerate this tissue. This study opens perspectives for regenerative skin medicine.
New neurons appear inside the tumor microenvironment, contributing to the cancer’s development. These nerve cells stem from progenitors coming from the brain via the blood flow. This astounding discovery opens up a new research field regarding the role of the nervous system in cancer development, as well as the interactions between the vascular, immune and nervous systems with the tumorigenesis.
A team of CEA-Biam has uncovered a symbiotic behavior between magnetism-using bacteria and eukaryotic microorganisms.
A large collaboration including the Iramis and two other CEA divisions (Basic Research Division and Nuclear Energy Division) has proposed to irradiate the graphite anodes of Li-ion batteries before their first use. This technique, similar to food or medicine processing, would lead to better results than the current industrial techniques for a potentially lower cost.
Researchers from CEA-Iramis have designed a new experimental method using microwave photons that brings additional proof that the electrical charge of carriers may amount to a third or a fifth of the elementary charge of the electron. Moreover, the experiment shows that these fractionally charged carriers (called “anyons”) interact with microwave photons and can therefore be manipulated. This discovery is the first step towards the study of anyons’ quantum and statistical properties.
CEA is a French government-funded technological research organisation in four main areas: low-carbon energies, defense and security, information technologies and health technologies. A prominent player in the European Research Area, it is involved in setting up collaborative projects with many partners around the world.