Bioscience and Biotechnology Institute of Aix-Marseille
The Institute highlights concern significant scientific results which have been published in international reviews, patent filing, purchase of a special equipment, appointments, the establishment of a strong partnership, and other items contributing to the scientific visibility of the BIAM Institute.
As part of its research on magnetotactic bacteria1, a team of scientists from the Bioscience and biotechnology Institute of Aix-Marseille (BIAM) has just discovered a bacterium with the particularity of performing two types of biomineralization inside its cell. This discovery is a significant step towards the development of bioremediation methods for radioelements.
Researchers have just discovered the essential role of a new giant protein (DTH1) involved in the degradation of "lipid droplets", the main site of carbon and energy storage in microalgae. This discovery significantly changes our understanding of their production and storage system for energy-rich molecules. It opens up new perspectives in the development of third-generation biofuels1.
By 2030, Europe needs a sustainable environmental action plan that links durability to food security. The goal of the H2020 CAPITALIZE Project (Combining Approaches for Photosynthetic Improvement To ALlow Increased Sustainability in European Agriculture) will be to improve the efficiency of photosynthesis by 10%. This so-called "smart crops for the climate" project has just obtained a European financing agreement of 8.6 million euros.
Difficult to clean up, the radioactive elements strontium 90 and radium 226 could be extracted from the environment using photosynthetic bacteria capable of selectively trapping them. Coordinated by the Institute of Mineralogy, Material Physics and Cosmochemistry (Sorbonne University) this study was carried out in collaboration with BIAM.
The trajectory and swimming speed of the magnetotactic bacterium Magnetococcus marinus, known to move rapidly, was determined. The actual speed is 400-500 µm/s for a 1 µm bacterium, making it a swimming champion.
CEA is a French government-funded technological research organisation in four main areas: low-carbon energies, defense and security, information technologies and health technologies. A prominent player in the European Research Area, it is involved in setting up collaborative projects with many partners around the world.