Fundamental Research Division
The DRF at the CEA assemble approximately 6,000 scientists since January 2016.
Scientific result | Chemistry
Characterized by the presence of an Si-H bond, hydrosilanes are very powerful chemical reducing agents. They especially allow the single-step transfer of a hydride (H-) and a chemical group containing Si to an organic compound with a double bond (C=C or C=O). In particular, this property is applied on an industrial scale in the functionalization of silicones and the synthesis of elastomers, and in the laboratory to reduce the C=O bonds in CO2, or for biomass.
Chemists from the Iramis have proposed to carry out these chemical reactions by replacing the hydrosilanes with a family of hydrides based on formic acid. In fact, they were able to demonstrate in the presence of ruthenium-based molecular catalysts that these hydrides - i.e. silyl formates - reduce the C=O bonds of organic (aldehyde) compounds.
The advantage of silyl formate is that it can be regenerated through the reaction of the oxidized product with formic acid. It is thus a source of renewable hydrides since it can be produced by hydrogenation or CO2 electroreduction under favorable energetic conditions.
CEA is a French government-funded technological research organisation in four main areas: low-carbon energies, defense and security, information technologies and health technologies. A prominent player in the European Research Area, it is involved in setting up collaborative projects with many partners around the world.