Fundamental Research Division
The DRF at the CEA assemble approximately 6,000 scientists since January 2016.
Découvertes et avancées | Scientific result | Antibiotics | Diagnosis and innovative treatment
Thanks to an innovative approach developed by researchers at the Irig, the CEA-Leti and their partners, the identification of phages effective against antibiotic-resistant bacteria has been accelerated and the number of false negatives reduced. This work opens up the possibility of using phage therapy in hospitals!
Some bacteriophages or phages (viruses that infect bacteria) are capable of destroying antibiotic-resistant bacteria and are consequently used in therapy (phagotherapy). Originally, they were administered as standardized cocktails of several phages, sometimes up to 12 or 15. This method has been abandoned due to the risk of developing resistance. Instead, treatment is now tailored to the individual patient. The bacterium responsible for the infection is collected and a technician observes, in a culture medium, which phages are active against it. The whole process takes 16 to 24 hours. Occasionally, a phage is erroneously considered inactive if the bacterial debris (lysis plaques) is too small.
The new lensless imaging technique developed by the researchers overcomes these drawbacks. It can locate lysis plaques of any size and count them to determine the "infectious titer of the phage", i.e. the equivalent of the concentration for an antibiotic. During tests conducted by the Irig-Leti research collaboration at the Lausanne University Hospital in Switzerland, the activity of anti-Staphylococcus aureus phages could be determined in three hours, and their infectious titer was determined in just over eight hours.
The lysis plaques are observed using a lensless imaging system with a large area (24 x 36 mm²). It incorporates an algorithm for identifying the optical signature of the lysis plaques and for counting them.
The researchers at the Irig, the CEA-Leti, the Laboratoire des Technologies de la Microélectronique (CNRS) and the Lausanne University Hospital are continuing this work by developing, with the Hospices Civils de Lyon and the support of the ANR, a proof-of-concept demonstrator that will include (among other things) an interface usable by biologists.
CEA is a French government-funded technological research organisation in four main areas: low-carbon energies, defense and security, information technologies and health technologies. A prominent player in the European Research Area, it is involved in setting up collaborative projects with many partners around the world.