Article | Energies | Biomass | Renewable energies
The success of the circular carbon economy will depend on the full range of technologies for converting CO2 and its derivatives into useful synthetic products using processes powered by low-carbon energy sources. CEA-Liten has put the circular carbon economy at the center of its research, most notably through the Carbon Conversion Platform. The platform has biomass conversion equipment for wood and agricultural and forest residues. It has other equipment that can be used to evaluate the potential of sources like household and industrial waste, solid recovered fuel, sludge from wastewater treatment plants, micro-algae, and food industry waste. The platform's test benches can be used to assess the performance of catalytic reactors for the conversion of gas mixtures including CO2 and/or CO by hydrogenation.
Finally, the platform is home to pilot manufacturing equipment and test benches for the development of thermoconversion processes and catalytic reactor technologies. The purpose is to scale up the following kinds of processes and technologies:
The platform also has laboratory-scale equipment used to develop models and understand reaction mechanisms. Finally the platform can analyze liquid and gaseous hydrocarbon products. The work carried out at the platform benefits from modeling and simulation for the development of conversion processes, analysis of test results, and system integration capabilities.
For the first time ever, diesel fuel has been produced by refining the oil contained in biocrude made using hydrothermal liquefaction of microalgae. The first-ever drops of diesel to be obtained in this way prove that this method for producing biofuel is technically feasible—a major step forward.
Construction on the Jupiter 1000 power-to-gas demonstrator plant began on December 19, 2017 in Fos-sur-Mer in the South of France. The groundbreaking ceremony was attended by a number of elected officials. Research scientist Laurent Bedel of Liten, a CEA Tech institute, spoke to us about the project.
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CEA is a French government-funded technological research organisation in four main areas: low-carbon energies, defense and security, information technologies and health technologies. A prominent player in the European Research Area, it is involved in setting up collaborative projects with many partners around the world.