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A new biomarker of senescence in humans

​In an article published the 10th of May in Nature Communications, some Research Teams of the Frédéric Joliot Institute (SBIGeM, SPI) discovered that a new histone variant called H2A.J accumulates in human fibroblasts in senescence. Thanks to a national (CNG-Evry, Institut Pasteur, CRC-Lyon) and international collaboration (NIH, Stanford, University of Saarland), coordinated by the SBIGeM Team, this consortium showed that the accumulation of H2A.J in fibroblasts in senescence promotes the expression of the genes of inflammation. These results suggest that H2A.J may be a new biomarker of senescent skin cells in humans.

Published on 14 June 2017


The senescence of mammalian cells is characterized by a proliferative arrest in response to stress and the expression of an inflammatory phenotype. Here we show that histone H2A.J, a poorly studied H2A variant found only in mammals, accumulates in human fibroblasts in senescence with persistent DNA damage. H2A.J also accumulates in mice with aging in a tissue-specific manner and in human skin. Knock-down of H2A.J inhibits the expression of inflammatory genes that contribute to the senescent-associated secretory phenotype (SASP), and over expression of H2A.J increases the expression of some of these genes in proliferating cells. H2A.J accumulation may thus promote the signalling of senescent cells to the immune system, and it may contribute to chronic inflammation and the development of aging-associated diseases.​

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