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Scientific result | Simulation ＆ modelling
A Reseach Team of the SB2SM, specialist in structural and predictive bioinformatics, collaborates with a Team from the Institute of Molecular Biology of Plants (Strasbourg) to study the mechanisms of the evolution of a metabolic pathway from a cytochrome P450 retroposition in Brassicaceae. This work shows how a gene duplication can favor the emergence of new metabolic functions, whose key residues of the active site can be identified by homology modeling.
Expansion of the cytochrome P450 gene family is often proposed to have a critical role in the evolution of metabolic complexity, in particular in microorganisms, insects and plants. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the evolution of this complexity are poorly understood. Here we describe the evolutionary history of a plant P450 retrogene, which emerged and underwent fixation in the common ancestor of Brassicales, before undergoing tandem duplication in the ancestor of Brassicaceae. Duplication leads first to gain of dual functions in one of the copies. Both sister genes are retained through subsequent speciation but eventually return to a single copy in two of three diverging lineages. In the lineage in which both copies are maintained, the ancestral functions are split between paralogs and a novel function arises in the copy under relaxed selection. Our work illustrates how retrotransposition and gene duplication can favour the emergence of novel metabolic functions.Read the French version.
Liu ZH, Tavares R, Forsythe ES, André F, Lugan R, Jonasson G, Boutet-Mercey S, Tohge T, Beilstein MA, Werck-Reichhart D, Renault H. Evolutionary interplay between sister cytochrome P450 genes shapes plasticity in plant metabolism. (2016). Nat. Commun., 7, 13026. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms13026
CEA is a French government-funded technological research organisation in four main areas: low-carbon energies, defense and security, information technologies and health technologies. A prominent player in the European Research Area, it is involved in setting up collaborative projects with many partners around the world.